Dispersion relations for hadronic light-by-light and the muon g - 2

Author(s)
Massimiliano Procura, Gilberto Colangelo, Martin Hoferichter, Peter Stoffer
Abstract

The largest uncertainties in the Standard Model calculation of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon ( g 2) come from hadronic e ffects, namely hadronic vacuum polarization (HVP) and hadronic lightby-light (HLbL) contributions. Especially the latter is emerging as a potential roadblock for a more accurate determination of (g 2) . The main focus here is on a novel dispersive description of the HLbL tensor, which is based on unitarity, analyticity, crossing symmetry, and gauge invariance. This opens up the possibility of a data-driven determination of the HLbL contribution to (g 2) with the aim of reducing model dependence and achieving a reliable error estimate. Our dispersive approach defines unambiguously the pion-pole and the pion-box contribution to the HLbL tensor. Using Mandelstam double-spectral representation, we have proven that the pion-box contribution coincides exactly with the one-loop scalar-QED amplitude, multiplied by the appropriate pion vector form factors. Using dispersive fits to high-statistics data for the pion vector form factor, we obtain a-box = 15:9(2) 10 11. A first model-independent calculation of e ffects of intermediate states that go beyond the scalar-QED pion loop is also presented. We combine our dispersive description of the HLbL tensor with a partial-wave expansion and demonstrate that the known scalar-QED result is recovered after partial-wave resummation. After constructing suitable input for the helicity partial waves based on a pion-pole left-hand cut (LHC), we find that for the dominant charged-pion contribution this representation is consistent with the two-loop chiral prediction and the COMPASS measurement for the pion polarizability. This allows us to reliably estimate S -wave rescattering e ffects to the full pion box and leads to a-box =0 = 24(1) x 10 11.

Organisation(s)
Particle Physics
External organisation(s)
Universität Bern, University of Washington, University of California, San Diego
Journal
EPJ Web of Conferences
Volume
234
No. of pages
6
ISSN
2100-014X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1051/epjconf/202023401013
Publication date
2020
Peer reviewed
Yes
Austrian Fields of Science 2012
103034 Particle physics
Keywords
Portal url
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/en/publications/dispersion-relations-for-hadronic-lightbylight-and-the-muon-g--2(7c0686c2-0dfc-41ee-8e0d-d8dac000430b).html